Ferrous And Non-Ferrous Metals And Their Uses

Posted on: 26 June 2023

When choosing metals for steel fabrication, you will have a choice between ferrous and non-ferrous steel. Both types have many benefits and uses. Which type you need depends on your project. In some cases, ferrous is better for construction than non-ferrous. In other cases, non-ferrous is the better choice. Here is more about the difference between ferrous and non-ferrous metals and their benefits.

What Is a Ferrous Metal? 

Ferrous metals are those made in combination with iron. The name ferrous comes from the Latin word for iron, ferrum. Examples of ferrous metals include wrought iron, stainless steel, and carbon steel. Ferrous metals tend to be magnetic. Iron on its own is very malleable (you can easily shape it). Also, iron is fairly brittle by itself. However, when combined with carbon or other metals, it becomes strong and durable.

Why Use Ferrous Metals in Steel Fabrication?

Certain ferrous metals are strong enough to support a tremendous amount of weight. One common type of ferrous steel is carbon steel. Carbon steel is a combination of iron with carbon and other materials. It is often used for construction as well as tools. Carbon steel can have a high, medium, or low carbon content. The higher the carbon content, the stronger the steel. Structural steel, used on building sites, is often a high carbon content steel.

What Is a Non-Ferrous Metal?

A non-ferrous metal is a metal that doesn't have any iron in it. These metals are usually lightweight and have greater flexibility. You can cast or fabricate many intricate items and devices with non-ferrous metal. Common non-ferrous metals include brass, aluminum, copper, and lead. They aren't magnetic, and they also don't rust or corrode. Non-ferrous metals are highly conductive and are useful in electrical components and hardware.

Why Use Non-Ferrous Metals in Steel Fabrication?

Non-ferrous metals are not as strong as ferrous metals. They are generally not used for structural support or any project where strength is imperative. However, they are used for items that get regular exposure to water. For example, you would likely use non-ferrous metal for gutters and pipes. You can also use non-ferrous materials in other applications where strength is not critical.

Ferrous and non-ferrous metals have a variety of benefits for just about any construction project. Knowing more about ferrous and non-ferrous metals can help you decide which one to use. A steel fabrication service provider can advise you on metal selection. They know how to cut and shape different metals to fit your needs. Contact a steel fabrication company for more information about ferrous and non-ferrous metals.